There are advantages both ways whether an investor pays with cash or with bonds for an investment property. Pieter Piek of Just Property Invest explains why he recommends using bonds.
“The advantages of an outright cash purchase are certainly appealing,” says Piek. “You will not be paying interest on a loan and if you are disciplined, that money can be invested into a tax-free account, and you will own the property ‘outright’.”
But, he notes, there are disadvantages if you plough all your capital into one asset, leaving little to invest for emergencies. And if the purchase price for the property drops, you have no gearing protection.
“When investigating the best investment opportunity for cash buyers, I always advise them to consider the advantages of purchasing two units with 50% bonds instead of one with cash,” says Piek.
He illustrates his point with this example: “If you find two properties where you pay R1-million and realise a nett rental of R8 000 on each, you get a nett yield of 9,6%. With a 50% bond on both you are just R2 000 “worse off” than if you had purchased one unit with cash. But now you have two properties.”
“When bonding both properties at 50% (500k), your combined monthly repayments will be approximately R10 000. The rental income of R16 000 delivers you a surplus of R6 000pm and a return of 7,2% on your initial R1-million investment,” says Piek, adding: “Where it gets interesting is when you sell the property.”
Say the properties grow at 8% per year over a five-year period. Each property is then worth R 1 469 328. This gives you equity of R 2 938 656. Your outstanding bond will be R898 024. Removing this and your initial investment of R1 000 000, leaves you with R 1 040 632. “Had you bought one unit outright, It would also be worth R1 469 328, less your R1-million investment, and you have R469 328. You can get double the return, and this after just five years,” says Piek.
Let’s look at the same hypothetical example over 10 years: One property will deliver capital growth of R1 158 924 if you bought it cash. If you bonded two properties with 50% home loans, your capital growth would be R3 587 605. Minus initial R1-million investment, and your capital gain is R2 587 605, says Piek. “You can more than double your investment using the bank’s money.”
RECOMMENDED ADDITION: Piek warns that this illustration assumes a flat interest rate for 5-10 years, uninterrupted capital growth of 8% per annum, and gross rentals of R9 500 per R10 000 per month for, say, two 40m2 units in a secondary area where demand is high. While optimistic, it is certainly not beyond the realms of possibility and Piek says Just Property’s investment division has a number of such opportunities on their books.
The basic premise behind this illustration is that whenever the total return (in this case, yield plus capital appreciation) exceeds the cost of financing, investors can use leverage to enhance their overall return. Of course, the tradeoff is increased exposure to property-related risk, such as potential downturns in property prices, defaulting tenants, rising interest rates etc.
Piek recommends that those looking to purchase investment property discuss the ramifications and opportunities with an expert. “It’s a personal decision – your risk appetite as well as your current and future financial landscape should be carefully scoped. Just remember,” he concludes, “capital growth is your silent investment partner. If you are in a position to use bonds to double your growth, you need to think twice about spending all your cash on one unit, when two bonded units may offer a better return.”